In the beginning of the “Moutasarifiate” era, the agricultural conservative society in Kafaraka started to evolve gradually. Several factors played a role. First the farmers started to have their private land. Second their children started getting some education. Third, the new freedom regarding politic, social and religion encouraged the habitant to start expressing their opinion.
It is likely that at the beginning of the Almtsarfiyya period, the Church of Saint Georges was rebuilt according to its basic Crusader design and the Crusader castle stones were used to build the old neighborhoods houses of the town. This explains why the French archaeologist Emmanuel Guillaume Rey, who visited Kafaraka around 1859, confirmed the presence of the destroyed Crusader castle while, in 1906, Ibrahim al-Aswad confirmed that there were no historical places in the town.
In 1862, the consul of Russia declared that the number of adult males in Kafaraka was 227 while the number of students was 29.
At the end of 19Th century, Sheikh Nassif Nehme became the “Sheikh al-Solh” of Kafaraka and Sheikh Khalil Nasr Matar the director of “Qnat directory” in Moutasarifiate Mount Lebanon.
According to an old local manuscript written by Sheikh Nassif Nehme, before the 20th century, a less than 50 citizens from Kafaraka could write and read.
By the beginning of the 20th century, Kafaraka had a municipality, “Mukhtar” and “Sheikh Soloh”. The Ottoman’s title “Effendi” was given to the mayor and “Sheikh” to Sheikh al-Solh and to “Mukhtar”.
In 1906, the first municipal council was elected. According to Ibrahim al-Aswad, Khalil Effendi Boulos was elected as president and the members were Nassif Fayyad, Wahbe Mattar, Saba Soliman, Taleb Tannous, and Salim Elias. The Mukhtar was Sheikh Nicola Fayyad and Sheikh al-Solh was Sheikh Tannous Houbaiter.
In 1909, Sheik Mikael Ibrahim Abou Farah was the Sheikh al-Solh of Kafaraka.
According to Dr. Hanna Sassine, Mr Fares Yaakoub Boulos was the mayor of Kafaraka before the World War I
During World War I, Kafaraka faced a catastrophic condition due to the ottoman siege of Mount Lebanon. Many habitants died from hunger and diseases. More than half of the habitants migrated to outside Lebanon to destinations such as Australia, Brazil, USA, ..
Kafaraka habitants were forced to sell their properties at very low prices, to cover either migration or living expenses of their families.